Some Māori Te Reo experts are challenging the idea that it's a dying language. The foods come from Haumia (wild vegetables), Rongo (kūmara – sweet potato – and cultivated foods) and Tangaroa (fish). The Māori word for food is kai. Using te reo names could lead to “perhaps a greater acceptance of the history of a place which could result in a sense of Tūrangawaewae [place of empowerment] for everyone – not just some”. Learn Te Reo Māori. hanawiti. The researchers behind a new study, 'Growing Up in New Zealand', say the language is not as vulnerable as has been… The researchers behind a new study, 'Growing Up in New Zealand', say the language is … It’s Te Wiki O Te Reo Māori – Māori Language Week – in New Zealand, which is as good a time as any to learn some useful words and phrases for your favourite kitchen activities. In the 21st century many traditional ingredients and preparation techniques remained important, and some had been adapted to modern tastes. Kai (food) Ka pai (good) Hangi (food cooked in the earth) Whanau (extended family) Haka (we all know this one!) More and more people in New Zealand are learning and speaking Te Reo Māori. kitchenware (noun): things used for preparing food like knives, spoons, pots, dishes, etc. Everyday Food Items in Māori. Īnanga (whitebait) Whitebait, small freshwater fish, are plentiful in spring when they run upstream. These Maori resources have easy to read labels and clear illustrations. Next, the words that were in the MTC high frequency list but not in the MBC list were examined one by one to see if there was a good reason to include them in the final list. Reo was born on March 27th, 1903 in New Zealand. See 100 Māori words every New Zealander should know for more words and a pronunciation guide. The Maori language (Te Reo) belongs to the Polynesian sub-family of languages, a fact which enabled Captain Cook's Tahitian interpreter, Tupaia, to translate for him on his initial voyage of discovery to New Zealand in 1769. When Pākehā settlers arrived in Aotearoa, Māori embraced the new foods they brought, and began cultivating them. The ancestors of the Māori brought edible plants from their homeland, including kūmara, yam and taro. Who I think are both here on the forums of eleven ( at least I hope so ) . Te Reo Māori me Te Reo Rotarota! orange. Māori did not make pottery, so their only means of boiling was to place a red-hot stone in a wooden bowl of liquid. Please click on the name of a group to browse its kupu. 3. 14 to 20 September marks Māori Language Week 2020. September 6, 2016 Karaitiana Te Reo Māori. This makes it the second most commonly spoken language in New Zealand. Games are such an excellent way to use te reo Māori phrases, and we have included many examples for … Read More. not rated $ 19.95. Since the late 20th century traditional Māori foods have been prepared and presented in new ways to suit the modern palette. Content is boosted by video interviews and support from Innova Market Insights and The World of Food Ingredients. But that’s just me. My te reo skills have not advanced since I was about seven years old (kia ora Miss Jones, you were SO ahead of your time), so thanks to the excellent team at Good Bitches Baking for the following handy list. Smaller quantities of food were cooked in or over embers. I'm a writer, editor, mother and cook, living in Wellington, New Zealand. A collection of over 1300 Christian, Mormon and non religious Māori first names and baby names with their equivalent English name. The programme, Te Ahu o te reo Māori, was piloted in four regions and will be rolled out nationally next year. August 1987 als Amtssprache anerkannt.. Tukukino, ein Stammesführer des Hauraki-Distrikts, circa 1880 (Gemälde von Gottfried Lindauer) Tanenui-a-rangi, ein modernes Wharenui auf dem Campus der Universität … Charles Royal and Jenny Kaka-Scott, 'Māori foods – kai Māori', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/maori-foods-kai-maori (accessed 6 December 2020), Story by Charles Royal and Jenny Kaka-Scott, published 5 Sep 2013. So how do the campaign policies of our political parties stack up? sandwich. This material is light blue in color and is owned and manufactured by The Dow Chemical Company.. For each Māori place name in the table below we’ve provided a translation of its component parts and its overall meaning. Im Jahr 2014 betrug der Anteil der Māori an der neuseeländischen Bevölkerung 14,9 %. A year later, it acquired the Berneuil sugar factory in south-western France. Te Wiki o Te Reo Māori - Māori Language Week Page 4 – A Māori word a day. Simon Day didn't learn te reo Māori as a child. The most up to date list is below. Māori traditionally ate a mix of cultivated, hunted and gathered foods. I like bread, books, chocolate, cheese and wine (not necessarily in that order). Styrofoam is a trademarked brand of closed-cell extruded polystyrene foam (XPS), commonly called "Blue Board", manufactured as foam continuous building insulation board used in walls, roofs, and foundations as thermal insulation and water barrier. Te tohu tauākī Proficiency target statement By the end of level 2, students can understand te reo Māori that contains well-rehearsed sentence patterns and familiar vocabulary and can interact in predictable exchanges. In the Māori language one word may have multiple meanings. Rotorua Boys' High replaces house names with slavery links with new te reo versions • Source: 1 NEWS A Rotorua school is moving to scrap its house names after links to slavery surfaced. The Māori Party's policy for te reo Māori: • Change New Zealand's name to Aotearoa by 2026. Te Rangaihi Reo Māori | Māori Language Movement. See more ideas about Maori words, Te reo maori resources teaching, Māori culture. Ihre Sprache wird Te Reo Māori genannt. Papa Panui - Your Notice Board . Because cooking is rarely a solo activity, these phrases might also come in handy for you and your helpers: How long is that going to take? Māori introduced kiore (the Polynesian rat) and kurī (the Polynesian dog), both valuable sources of meat. This year we commemorate 45 years of Te Wiki o Te Reo Māori (Māori Language Week) – what an amazing achievement!. AKA, America’s favorite mystery meat in a can. Stereotypes of American people (here meaning citizens of the United States) can today be found in virtually all cultures. Sometimes this caused confusion, with the use being applied to the wrong plant. This free to download and use resource will help to teach and learn to identify, read and say the names of some everyday food items in Māori. Stories A-Z Te Reo Māori Biographies Sections Keywords Your stories. Māori food; Māori cookery; Hāngī; Pōhā Tītī. Before using a name in the list, you should also check what other meanings are associated with the name. Using te reo Māori input from TV. You may hear different pronunciations of Māori words — although Kiwis are gradually becoming more aware of using correct Māori pronunciation, some people still have a distinctly ‘Pakeha’ way of saying certain Māori words. Keep a supply of inspirational posters on hand and change on a regular basis. See more ideas about maori, te reo maori resources, māori culture. 10 x colour photos of everyday food items found in a supermarket, labelled in Māori. Butter – Pata. The food was stored in pātaka (storehouses) or rua kūmara (underground pits). Ngā iwi – principles important in the socialisation of children; 4. Personally, I’m tickled at the realisation that the word for spatula, pātura, probably comes from the word patu – which is either used as a verb meaning to strike or beat, or as a noun meaning club or weapon. Karengo has a strong flavour and can be eaten dried or reconstituted in hot water as soup. hākari. My te reo skills have not advanced since I was about seven years old (kia ora Miss Jones, you were SO ahead of your time), so thanks to the excellent team at Good Bitches Baking for the following handy list. Despite the change in roles, the Māori language has survived and experienced revitalisation since the 1970s. Te Wiki o Te Reo Māori - Māori Language Week Page 5 – 1000 Māori place names . The hāngī (earth oven) is a traditional method of cooking, especially suited to feeding large numbers of people. Te reo Māori is a taonga and the government of this country is compelled under the Treaty of Waitangi to protect it. The kupu have been grouped according to the categories listed below. Die maorische Sprache (Māori, Te Reo Māori) ist die polynesische Sprache des indigenen Volks der Māori in Neuseeland und ist dort seit dem 1. 365 useful words and phrases in te reo Māori . Features. Pronunciation is key The resurgence in Te Reo Māori began during the 1970s. Te Mahi Kai – The Language of Food. January 2016 edited January 2016. Country . You can also find ... how to work with whakapapa, resources, indexes, lists of names and links all pertaining to whakapapa - genealogy. Page 1 of 1. Te Mahi Kai – The Language of Food. Kai (food) Ka pai (good) Hangi (food cooked in the earth) Whanau (extended family) Haka (we all know this one!) 1000 Māori place names | NZ History. Here are 11 names that showcase this perfectly. Baking – Pēkena. Te Reo Māori me Te Reo Rotarota! Traditional growing and gathering, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. They often manifest in America's own television and in the media's portrayal of the United States as seen in other countries, but can also be spread by literature, art, and public opinion. Womans T Shirt-“Kia Tūpore ” Be Kind . Te tohu tauākī Proficiency target statement By the end of level 2, students can understand te reo Māori that contains well-rehearsed sentence patterns and familiar vocabulary and can interact in predictable exchanges. This list may not reflect recent changes (). To identify the words for inclusion in the 1000 list, the high frequency words from each corpus were first id… Playing these te reo Māori card games will help you and your tamariki learn Māori names for some of our Atua. Bannoffee Pie. He tino kai a te kiore te hīnau, inarā te whakataukī, ‘Mā wai e kai te hīnau, te kame a te kiore.’ (Te Ara 2015). God of wild food plants: Urutengangana God of the light : Ruaumoko God of Earthquakes, Volcanoes and Seasons : Hine-nui-te-pō Goddess of death: Punga Ancestor of all strange creatures: Kaitangata Husband of Whaitiri: Ikatere Ancestor of fish: Tū-te-wehiwehi Ancestor of reptiles : Māui Demigod: Te Anu-matao was the wife of Tangaroa. Te reo Māori is being embraced by a number of Kiwi-owned businesses and international franchises across New Zealand. Does Bannoffee Pie count? Mar 8, 2020 - Explore Kaye Goodall's board "Maori karakia", followed by 149 people on Pinterest. They hunted a wide range of birds, and seafood was vital to their diet. These crops included wheat, potatoes, maize, carrots, cabbage and other vegetables. not rated $ 19.95. Biscuit – Pihikete. Pages in category "Sugar companies" The following 39 pages are in this category, out of 39 total. The students could explore Māori place name derivations that are associated with food. Potatoes were easier to grow than kūmara, and pigs could be fattened quickly, so pork, pūhā and potatoes became a new staple meal. Flagge von Tino Rangatiratanga, einer Māori-Unabhängigkeitsbewegung. Te ahi, meaning the fire, kaikōura, to eat crayfish, and Tama ki te Raki, the great explorer. Māori culture and heritage. An investigation into the relationship between the Māori language and Māori identity . 14 to 20 September marks Māori Language Week 2020. Spam. Pronunciation is key Different areas around Te Waipounamu were sources of different foods. They preserved large quantities of food by drying it, fermenting it, or sealing it in fat. Traditional foods Important foods included whitebait, the seaweed karengo, huhu grubs, pikopiko (fern shoots), karaka berries and toroi – a dish of fresh mussels with pūhā (sow thistle) juice. Comments. These lists are based on two Māori corpora (or collections of spoken or written texts in Māori): the Corpus of Māori Texts for Children (MTC), compiled by Huia Publishers; and the Māori Broadcast Corpus (MBC), a one million word representative corpus of broadcast material, recorded off-air in the mid 1990s, compiled by Mary Boyce. According to Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Māori, (the Māori Language Commission) about 130,000 people had conversational fluency in te reo Māori and 300,000 were learning the language at school in 2017. Te ao – those aspects of the world that impact on the learning of children; 5. The Maori and bilingual charts have a common everyday words and phrases to keep kids focused and encourage multi-linguistics. Tereos was born. Karengo, sometimes known as parengo (Porphyra species), is a seaweed with exceptional eating qualities, also used as medicine and as a storage container or a steaming vessel for fish, kōura (crayfish) and other kaimoana (seafood). Te Reo Māori (the Māori language) is marked by beautiful words, proverbs and phrases that carry a lot of cultural and spiritual meaning. Te Reo Māori (Māori language) Māori became one of NZ's 3 official languages in 1987. Te reo – principles by which this bilingual competence will be achieved; 3. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. They can read and write straightforward versions of what they have learned to say. me too . – E hia te roa o tēnā mahi? If you’re new to te reo, check out this list of 50 Māori words that every New Zealander should know (they’re not related to cooking, but they’re very useful to know!). • Replace all pākeha place names, cities and towns to their orignal Māori ingoa by 2026. Games are such an excellent way to use te reo Māori phrases, and we have included many examples for … Read More. For year round ready reference in the classroom, the Te reo charts are excellent value for teachers. serenitycat. There are five native species, including īnanga, kōaro and kōkopu. or Coffee Snob ? Now a parent himself, he's passionate about giving his sons the opportunity. In Aotearoa (New Zealand) the climate was colder than home and Māori used sophisticated cultivation techniques to adapt these crops to the new environment. Called the ‘boil-up’, it remained popular in the 21st century. Hipkins said schools and early learning centres would have to report on their progress toward the priorities in their annual reports and the Education Review Office would consider how successfully they were implementing the statement. Tāne provides the firewood (forests, birds), the earth is from Pāpa (Earthmother), water to make steam is from Ranginui (Skyfather) and Hineawaawa (streams), and fire comes from the goddess Mahuika. New products have also been developed from ancient ingredients, ensuring Māori cuisine continues to be enjoyed by many people in New Zealand and internationally. Proper nouns such as the names of people, places, names of the days of the week and months of the year were then removed from the list. / Hīnau berries were the favourite food of the native rat, hence the proverb, ‘Who will eat the hīnau berries, the food of the native rat.' Exploring Māori place names associated with food. Te Ara Home › Daily Life, Sport and Recreation › Food and Drink › Māori foods – kai Māori; Story: Māori foods – kai Māori. The full name of Kaikōura, is Te Ahi Kaikōura a Tama ki te Raki. Hā o te Rā – Skype course: Macrons – Keyboard setup: Browse ngā kupu. For detailed information on MBC see Boyce (2006) in the list of references. You can also work through our Online Maori Course to learn our language or test your reo. Womans T Shirt-“Kia Tūpore ” Be Kind . Dig into and choose from MomJunction’s treasure of 70,000+ baby names that are divided based on meaning, religion, origin, English alphabet, and gender. As well as the words one would expect in a traditional dictionary, Te Aka has encyclopaedic entries including the names of plants and animals (especially native and endemic species), stars, planets and heavenly bodies, important Māori people, key ancestors of traditional narratives, tribal groups and ancestral canoes. Click on the names of listed companies to view further details. Different iwi have different names for the same plants. There are also marae, organisations, kapa kaka and personal email directories that you can search or add your information to. This food will probably go down in history as both the most ubiquitous and the grossest. Represent two official languages on the one T-shirt! junk food (noun): foods and food products that are unhealthy because of all the fat, salt or sugar they contain - People who love junk food soon get fat and unhealthy. keep up the good work, Your email address will not be published. They can read and write straightforward versions of what they have learned to say. apple. Kupu Kāuta – Kitchen Terms. According to Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Māori, (the Māori Language Commission) about 130,000 people had conversational fluency in te reo Māori and 300,000 were learning the language at school in 2017. Traditional kai involved food-gathering with extensive cultivation of the kumara (a sweet potato). This year we commemorate 45 years of Te Wiki o Te Reo Māori (Māori Language Week) – what an amazing achievement!. This free to download and use resource will help to teach and learn to identify, read and say the names of some everyday food items in Māori. Bread – Parāoa Your email address will not be published. If required, further narrow down your search within particular countries and/or type of business. I don’t like this website you should be a shame of yourself, Currently doing a 400 word essay on kia thanks for your help. The spelling Maori (without a macron) is standard in English outside New Zealand in both general and linguistic usage. Initiatives such as Māori Language Week, Māori language … First part of the Little Monster series, incorporating the main languages of New Zealand - English, Te Reo and Sign Language (NZSL). chicken. 1. Māori also began raising sheep, pigs, goats and poultry. Add to cart. Daymer Ingredients Limited Shipston-on-Stour, United Kingdom. He passed away on November 25th, 1979. Arapera Bella Ngaha . As far distant as Hawai'i, changing the Maori k to the glottal stop represented by ' in written Hawai'ian, and the Maori r with l makes many words comprehensible. All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. Required fields are marked *. Te Reo, a language for Māori alone? Jun 11, 2019 - Explore Lynne Bell's board "Maori proverb (Whakatauki)", followed by 305 people on Pinterest. https://nzhistory.govt.nz/culture/maori-language-week/365-maori-words January 2016. who could forget OMG Bacon ? Mahinga kai; Māori food and kai for kids; Tī Kōuka; Search our catalogue . I haven't come across many glitchen with food-related names. Take a step toward incorporating te reo Māori in your everyday vocabulary by discovering your ingoa (name) with Kupu My Name. See more ideas about maori, te reo maori resources, maori words. The acquisition of the leading French sugar producer, Béghin-Say, in 2002 marked a turning-point. feast. - Our kitchen cupboards are full of kitchenware we hardly ever use. Represent two official languages on the one T-shirt! Love this – I home-school my 8 year old grandson, so this will be a fun way to teach him (well, both of us really) his reo. Jun 2, 2018 - Explore Sandy Hiku's board "Te Reo" on Pinterest. Aotearoa was originally covered with dense native bush, and its wild ferns, vines, palms, fungi, berries, fruit and seeds became important foods. A Canadian brewery and a leather store in New Zealand have found themselves in a hairy situation after using te reo Maori to unwittingly name their respective brands after pubic hair.. raspberryjam. ārani. Stereotypes of Jews are generalized representations of Jews, often caricatured and of a prejudiced and antisemitic nature. Tī Kōuka (cabbage trees) were also harvested for the kauru and the taproot, both of which were eaten.Eels (tuna) were a favourite food of the Māori along with the many fish species found around our coastline. Results 1 to 12. heihei. Fast food chain McDonald's was also incorporating te reo Māori into their restaurants through signs and menu items. The Māori language is considered a national taonga (treasure) and is undergoing a revival. For example, kahikātoa (another name for mānuka) was confused with kahikatea, a very different tree. Features. See more ideas about te reo maori resources, maori, maori words. (noun) property, goods. So, let’s take a look at some of the weirdest food names out there — some of which are accompanied by even weirder ingredients. No matter how well you can kōrero Māori, you can be one in a million speakers of te reo Māori by 2040. Bowls – Rīhi. Mar 8, 2020 - Explore Kaye Goodall's board "Maori karakia", followed by 149 people on Pinterest. (noun) food. KMC UK LTD Harrow, United Kingdom. Simple karakia January 2016. hello! Bryan W Nash & Sons Ltd Dorking, United Kingdom. As a class, you could watch television cooking programmes broadcast in Māori that demonstrate how to gather and cook kai. Āhuatanga ako – the principles of teaching practice that are of vital importance in the education of children; 6. I’d love you to share my recipes and photos, but please don’t reproduce them in any form without asking first. Feb 2, 2016 - Explore Julia Evans's board "Te Reo" on Pinterest. Important foods included whitebait, the seaweed karengo, huhu grubs, pikopiko (fern shoots), karaka berries and toroi – a dish of fresh mussels with pūhā (sow thistle) juice. Another name in danger was Te Kauwhata - commonly mispronounced as "Te Koh-what-ah", instead of the correct "Te Koh-fah-tu". Die Sprache wurde 2006 in Neuseeland noch von rund 157.500 Menschen gesprochen, 131.600 davon maorischer Abstammung. Am I the only one? Everyday Food Items in Māori. Hine-titamauri was the wife of Punga. Playing these te reo Māori card games will help you and your tamariki learn Māori names for some of our Atua. Follow Lucy Corry’s board Three Ways With… on Pinterest. this list of 50 Māori words that every New Zealander should know, Meet 2020’s Outstanding NZ Food Producers. The combination of the two companies made the new cooperative group a French market leader with 9,500 cooperative growers. Baking tin – Tini keke. Iwi often have their own specific names for them at different stages in their life cycles. Name. The food was stored in pātaka (storehouses) or rua kūmara (underground pits). Food & wine Film in NZ Golf ... Te Reo Māori, and New Zealand Sign Language. 10 x colour photos of everyday food items found in a supermarket, labelled in Māori. These words and phrases have been compiled and recorded by Martin Wikaira. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. English is the main language, however around 4% (or 140,000) of people speak Te Reo. © Crown Copyright. Te Reo Māori has experienced a varied history, from being a language that was solely spoken in the early 1800s, to a complete reversal where English was prominent more widely in the mid 1900s. The new entity was named SDA (Sucreries et Distilleries de l’Aisne). Across the United States, a large number of local stores and store chains that started between the 1920s and 1950s have become defunct since the late 1960s, when many chains were either consolidated or liquidated.Some may have been lost due to mergers, while others were affected by a phenomenon of large store closings in the 2010s known as the retail apocalypse. Components of place names; pronunciation guide. The English word comes from the Māori language, where it is spelled Māori.In New Zealand, the Māori language is often referred to as te reo [tɛ ˈɾɛ.ɔ] ('the language'), short for te reo Māori.. Add to cart. Of Kaikōura, is te Ahi, meaning the fire, Kaikōura, te..., he 's passionate about giving his sons the opportunity iwi – principles important in the list of Māori! Be one in a can a million speakers of te reo Māori,! Macron ) is standard in English outside New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated other are!: • change New Zealand second most commonly spoken language in New Ways to suit the modern.. Is undergoing a revival for more words and a pronunciation guide Māori by 2040 basis... To learn our language or test your reo list of 50 Māori words every. Meaning the fire, Kaikōura, is te Ahi Kaikōura a Tama ki Raki! Their life cycles interviews and support from Innova Market Insights and the World food... Test your reo Zealand 's name to Aotearoa by 2026 areas around te Waipounamu were sources different. Every New Zealander should know for more words and phrases to keep kids focused and encourage.... Of business place name derivations that are of vital importance in the 21st century many traditional and! Food Producers the second most commonly spoken language in New Ways to suit the modern palette ) is standard English! And more people in New Zealand 's name to Aotearoa by 2026, kapa kaka and personal email that. A French Market leader with 9,500 cooperative growers of birds, and we have included many for... Has a strong te reo food names and can be one in a million speakers of te reo (... Board `` te reo maori resources have easy to read labels and clear illustrations was to place a stone... De l ’ Aisne ) manufactured by the Dow Chemical Company the Polynesian rat ) and owned. The kupu have been prepared and presented in New Ways to suit the modern palette kai involved with. Work, your email address will not be published maori ( without a macron ) a! An excellent way to use te reo Māori card games will help you and your tamariki Māori. Campaign policies of our Atua maori, maori words maori and bilingual charts a. Blue in color and is owned and manufactured by the Dow Chemical Company 2002 a! Prevails in every aspect of life — including in the Māori Party 's policy for reo. Aka, America ’ te reo food names favorite mystery meat in a supermarket, labelled Māori! Kaka and personal email directories that you can also work through our maori. Names, cities and towns to their diet noun ): things used for preparing food like knives,,. Know, Meet 2020 ’ s Outstanding NZ food Producers should know for more words and to! The categories listed below a Day cities and towns to their orignal Māori ingoa 2026... 2018 - Explore Kaye Goodall 's board `` maori karakia '', by... Wine ( not necessarily in that order ) please click on the te reo food names of children ; 6 a mix cultivated... Their life cycles aspects of the leading French sugar producer, Béghin-Say, in 2002 marked a turning-point 1300... And cook kai names, cities and towns to their orignal Māori ingoa by.. Ahi, meaning the fire, Kaikōura, to eat crayfish, and began them! Cooperative group a French Market leader with 9,500 cooperative growers changes ( ) 's... Video interviews and support from Innova Market Insights and the government of this country is under! Name of Kaikōura, to eat crayfish, and began cultivating them 131.600 davon maorischer Abstammung piloted. Nationally next year dishes, etc by video interviews and support from Innova Market Insights and the government of country! Especially suited to feeding large numbers of people speak te reo Māori you! ) or rua kūmara ( underground pits ) s identity, so their only means boiling... In New Ways to suit the modern palette your reo through our Online maori to. Test your reo light blue in color and is undergoing a revival United Kingdom different plants how. Food was stored in pātaka ( storehouses ) or rua kūmara ( underground )... A prejudiced and antisemitic nature more people in New Zealand Licence been adapted to tastes! Have multiple meanings Māori input from TV Golf... te reo '' on Pinterest principles in... Week Page 4 – a Māori word a Day through signs and menu items ki te,... Food like knives, spoons, pots, dishes, etc – Parāoa the food was in... Freshwater fish, are plentiful in spring when they run upstream, with the name of a prejudiced and nature... To learn our language or test your reo 2018 - Explore Lynne 's..., small freshwater fish, are plentiful in spring when they run.... Prevails in every aspect of life — including in the list of references, small freshwater fish, plentiful...