[74], The domestic cat's hearing is most acute in the range of 500 Hz to 32 kHz. つまりヨーロッパヤマネコの亜種としてのイエネコの学名は、 Felis silvestris catus Linnaeus , 1758 とすることができる。. They are born with pink paw pads, which blacken at the age of three months, and blue eyes, which turn amber after five months. Give kittens their special kitten food. Felis catus is a small animal in the wild (up to 5kg, but more commonly 1.5 -3.0kg) but may be considerably heavier when domesticated. [90] Domestic cats (Felis silvestris catus) engage in a variety of relationships with humans and can be conditioned to engage in numerous behaviors using Pavlovian and operant methods Increasingly cat cognition research is providing evidence of their complex socio-cognitive and problem solving abilities.Nonetheless, it is still common belief that cats are not especially sociable or trainable. [218] He is reported to have loved cats so much, "he would do without his cloak rather than disturb one that was sleeping on it". [95], The social behavior of the domestic cat ranges from widely dispersed individuals to feral cat colonies that gather around a food source, based on groups of co-operating females. Some events also include activity judging, such as trained navigation of obstacle course. Some cats can sleep as much as 20 hours. Version 26 September 2008 (temporary). [99][120] They also avoid sweet food and milk. Lactation lasts 3–4 months, though the kittens eat meat as early as 1.5 months of age. [61] Compared to other felines, domestic cats have narrowly spaced canine teeth relative to the size of their jaw, which is an adaptation to their preferred prey of small rodents, which have small vertebrae. Domestic Felis catus are believed to be the results of several millennia of human domestication of one or both of two closely related wild species, the European wild cat, Felis silvestris (probable ancestral line), and the African wild cat Felis lybica. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, Tomus I. [33][34] Queens normally reach sexual maturity at 5–10 months, and males at 5–7 months. [111] Among feral cats, the most common reason for cat fighting is competition between two males to mate with a female. paw preference. At first, the female rejects the male, but eventually, the female allows the male to mate. [68] Polydactylous cats occur along North America's northeast coast and in Great Britain. [38], Generation length of the wildcat is about eight years. A juvenile cat is referred to as a kitten. [131], Perhaps the best-known element of cats' hunting behavior, which is commonly misunderstood and often appalls cat owners because it looks like torture, is that cats often appear to "play" with prey by releasing it after capture. Herodotus expressed astonishment at the domestic cats in Egypt, because he had only ever seen wildcats. The wildcat species differ in fur pattern, tail, and size: the European wildcat has long fur and a bushy tail with a rounded tip; the smaller African wildcat is more faintly striped, has short sandy-gray fur and a tapering tail; the Asiatic wildcat (F. lybica ornata) is spotted. [166]:45[167]:1358[168][169][170][171], About two hundred fifty heritable genetic disorders have been identified in cats, many similar to human inborn errors of metabolism. ", "The ASPCA Warns About High-Rise Falls by Cats: High-Rise Apartments, Windows, Terraces and Fire Escapes Pose Risk to Urban Cats", Biodiversity Heritage Library bibliography, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cat&oldid=991673407, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from November 2014, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, Articles containing Old English (ca. [181] Famous feral cat colonies are found in Rome around the Colosseum and Forum Romanum, with cats at some of these sites being fed and given medical attention by volunteers. A cat can either be a house cat, a farm cat or a feral cat; the latter ranges freely and avoids human contact. Another possible explanation is that height gives the cat a better observation point, allowing it to survey its territory. catus. Opinion 465 of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1957f) declared silvestris as the specific name for the European wild cat (with the understanding that F. catus … In Africa, wildcats are occasionally killed and eaten by African rock python (Python sebae). [49] House cats often mate with feral cats,[50] producing hybrids such as the Kellas cat in Scotland. [99], Life in proximity to humans and other domestic animals has led to a symbiotic social adaptation in cats, and cats may express great affection toward humans or other animals. [52] It lives on small islands with no human inhabitants. This species can be found on a large number islands as well. 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