Sargassum serves as a primary nursery area for a variety of commercially important fishes such as mahi mahi, jacks, and amberjacks. Marine algae S. horneri [Sargassum horneri (Turner) C. Agardh] was seasonally gathered from the coast at Shimoda (Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan) and Miyako (Iwate Prefecture, Japan), and it was freeze-dried and powered [16]. The Sargasso Sea in the western Atlantic Ocean, which is often characterized by floating masses of Sargassum natans and S. fluitans, is named for the seaweed. Ganning Zeng, Sa Lou, Huijuan Ying, Xi Wu, Xin Dou, Ning Ai, ... and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. To study the life history processes and morphological traits of Sargassum horneri from the Sargassum seaweed bed of Gouqi Island, this study first conducted the investigation of the growth and reproduction during an annual cycle of Sargassum horneri, and 16 related biological parameters including individual length, blade, vesicle and receptacle were analyzed. The present study was designed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory properties of S. horneri using an in vivo mouse asthma model following exposure to particulate matter (PM). 2013)(1). ), were collected by Scuba diving in Oshima, Japan (33°55′04.4"N 132°27′42.7"E—33°56′26.3"N 132°24′06.0"E) during January and March 2013 at a depth of 1–3 m. The invasive population of S.muticum, hereafter S. When Sargassum loses its buoyancy, it sinks to the seafloor, providing energy in the form of carbon to fishes and invertebrates in the deep sea, thus serving as a potentially important addition to deep-sea food web. Sargassum horneri (S. horneri) is one of the common macroalgae, and it is artificially cultivated for aquatic eutrophication restoration due to its superior absorption capability of nutrients. In contrast, the Munseom site, located on Jeju Island, is very exposed to … Life history and reproduction The macroalgae genus Sargassum adopts a heteromorphic life history (distinct sexual haploid and asexual diploid stages) and oogamous fertilisation (union of mobile male and immobile female gametes) []. Sargassum horneri is one of the most important habitat-forming species in the NW-Pacific, where it annually forms large-scale floating mats (Li et al., 2020). 4. PY - 2018/12/13. As a large conspicuous intertidal brown alga, individuals of Sargassum horneri can reach a length of more than 7 m with a fresh weight of 3 kg along the coasts of the Eastern China Sea. 2. It was observed in Catalina Island, California, in 2003 [19]. the life history of S. horneri and to quantify traits that promote its spread and persistence, including seasonality in abundance and reproduction, broad habitat affinity, and high reproductive capacity. Sargassum contains higher amounts of protein essential Sargassum horneri (Turner) C. Agardh. Sargassum polycystum on a rocky shore at Tanjung Rimau, Sentosa (Author’s own collection). It has no English common name, but the Japanese call it akamoku. Author(s): Marks, Lindsay | Advisor(s): Holbrook, Sally J | Abstract: Sargassum horneri is a seaweed native to eastern Asia that has recently become established in the coastal waters of southern California and Baja California, Mexico. horneri (Turner) C. Agardh can propagate through both germlings and vegetative reproduction and branches separated from a shoot will continue to grow into a new fronds (Uchida 1993). S. horneri (hereafter Sargassum) is distinct from other Received October 5, 2019, Accepted December 10, 2019 *Corresponding Author E-mail: [email protected] Absence of any kind of spores. Special features of Genus Sargassum: 1. Spesies ini dinamai dari Laut Sargasso di Samudra Atlantik , yang memiliki kandungan spesies Sargassum yang besar. Sargassum horneri (Turner) C. Agardh is one of the main components of the seaweed bed in the temperate coasts of Eastern Asia. sargassum beds provide food, habitat, and nursery grounds for a wide array of marine organisms (Tsukidate 1992), while also providing food, alginates, feed, and bioactive compounds for people who harvest or culture sargassum (Belleme and Belleme 2007, Zhao et al. In Baja California, well- established populations of this species were observed in Todos Santos Bay in 2007 [20], from where it ha ex-d Sargassum horneri (Sargassaceae, Fucales, Phaeophyta) is an edible brown seaweed, abundant worldwide in shal-low sea-water ecosystems (Herath et al. The biomass of this alga as a vital component in coastal water ecology has been well documented. Sargassum horneri is an edible brown alga that grows in the subtidal zone as an annual species along the coasts of South Korea, China, and Japan. Sargassum horneri is native from Asia, and distributed in Japan, Korea, Hong Kong(China), Chinese Taipei and China Mainland [18]. The macroalgae genus Sargassum C. Agardh (1820) comprises over 350 valid species globally 1, and are especially diverse and abundant in tropical and subtropical marine environments 2.They are known to inhabit shallow reef flats and rocky bottoms as they often attach themselves to … The biomass of this alga as a vital component in coastal water ecology has been well documented. As a large conspicuous intertidal brown alga, individuals of Sargassum horneri can reach a length of more than 7 m with a fresh weight of 3 kg along the coasts of the Eastern China Sea. 2008, Xie et al. Recently, an extreme amount of S. horneri moved into the coasts of Jeju Island from the east coast of China, which … Y1 - … ... Reproduction is of oogamous type and reproductive structures in Fucales are borne in a special flask-like cavity, which is known as conceptacle. 2007), now considered a synonym of S. horneri (Uwai et al. Internal differentiation of tissues of the plant body with division of labour. We developed a clonal culture of Sargassum horneri to investigate the effect of photoperiod on reproduction in this species. Young seaweeds resemble ferns, with opposite The distinct genesis and blooming dynamics of the two seaweed species were detected and described. Diploid plant body of bushy habit having a main axis producing branches bearing leaf-like structures and air-bladders, a special floating device. In surface rafts, seaweeds are rapidly exposed to increased light, elevated … An unprecedented bi-macroalgal bloom caused by Ulva prolifera and Sargassum horneri occurred from spring to summer of 2017 in the western Yellow Sea (YS) of China, where annual large-scale green tides have prevailed for a decade. 2009). In this context, Sargassum horneri was reported to possess various bioactivities including antiviral, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory partly due to its phenolic compound content. Insets: a, c—phylloids; b, d—fragments showing vesicles. Meanwhile, S. horneri can compete with microplankton, protozoan, and even bacteria for nutrients, inhibiting the harmful algae blooms [ 4 ]. algae ( Sargassum horneri , S. thunbergii , S. fulvellum , and Undaria pinnatifida ) and ephemeral green algae (Ulva spp.). We found that S. horneri occupies a wide range of 5. The most recent arrival in our waters, Sargassum horneri, was first collected from Long Beach Harbor in 2003.This alga is a native of Korea, Japan, and China as far south as Hong Kong. Sargassum, also called gulfweed or sea holly, genus of about 150 species of brown algae (family Sargassaceae) generally attached to rocks along coasts in temperate regions or occurring as pelagic (free-floating) algae in the open sea. Preparation of Microporous Carbon from Sargassum horneri by Hydrothermal Carbonization and KOH Activation for CO2 Capture. As a large conspicuous intertidal brown alga, individuals of Sargassum horneri can reach a length of more than 7 m with a fresh weight of 3 kg along the coasts of the Eastern China Sea. The thallus of S. horneri is large, macroscopic, and brown-colored, and its stem is cylindrical, erect, and flat. The species has spread 2019; Kim et al. Cultivation of the brown alga sargassum horneri: sexual reproduction and seedling production in tank culture under reduced solar irradiance in … Collection of algae. Methods: In this study, potential of S. horneri was evaluated through anti-MMP effect in HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells. Plant washed ashore, Hainan Island, Xianhai, April 2012. 2018). Sargassum horneri is an edible brown seaweed with potential anti-inflammatory properties. Regenerated vegetative thalli were obtained using lateral branches excised from a thallus grown from a single embryo under short‐day conditions (SD = … Sargassum horneri (Turner) C. Agardh, 1820 (Fucales) is a large, annual brown alga native to shallow reefs of eastern Asia. Thalli of three Japanese Sargassum species, S.fusiforme, S.horneri and the native S.muticum, hereafter S.muticum (nat. Currently, little is known about the biology and ecology of this invasive alga in its introduced range. Spesies genus ini dapat memanjang hingga beberapa meter. 3. Development of oogonia of Sargassum horneri (Fucales, Heterokontophyta) and concomitant variations in PSII photosynthetic activities XIUJUN XIE 1,GUANGCE WANG 2*, GUANGHUA PAN 1,JIANZHANG SUN 3 AND JIAN LI 4 1Tianjin Key Laboratory of Marine Resources and Chemistry, College of Marine Science and Engineering, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300457, China Sargassum adalah genus makroalga planktonik pada ordo Fucales. Cultivation of the brown alga Sargassum horneri: sexual reproduction and seedling production in tank culture under reduced solar irradiance in ambient temperature Author: Pang, Shao Jun; Liu, Feng; Shan, Ti Feng; Gao, Su Qin; Zhang, Zhi Huai In particular, S. horneri formed dense assemblages at 4 7 m water depth. This annual species reaches 2–5 m or more in height and sometimes dominates on the rocky shores of intertidal to subtidal zones, especially from winter to early summer. Sargassum muticum is an invasive brown seaweed that has recently found its way to the shores of Ireland. The biomass of this alga as a vital component in coastal water ecology has been well documented. It was first disco-vered in the eastern Pacific in Long Beach Harbor in 2003 and identified as S. filicinum Harvey, 1860 (Miller et al. Sexual reproduction oogamous. 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